10 Skills You Need to Become a Back End Developer in 2022

What is Backend Development?

Back-end Development refers to the server-side development. It focuses on databases, scripting, website architecture. It contains behind-the-scene activities that occur when performing any action on a website. It can be an account login or making a purchase from an online store. Code written by back-end developers helps browsers to communicate with database information.

Work as a Back-end developer needs high stamina. Curiosity, eager to learn, diligent and work hard, love with what we do and tenacious are some characters could help the job is enjoyable. Sometimes there are some tasks are difficult to solve or time availability is so limited makes the work is stressful. The above characters and some soft skills such as good communication, able to work individually or in a team and discipline hopefully can help Back-end developer able to make reliable software

There are three types of web developers:

  1. Front-end
  2. Back-end
  3. And full stack (which combines both)are some of the skills you need to know to be in high demand:

Back-end developers are responsible for building out the “server side” in web applications.
If you want to be a back-end developer, here are some of the skills you need to know to be in high demand:

10 skills of backend developer in 2022


10 Skills you need to become a backend developer in 2022 :


  1. Backend Programming Language
  2. Knowledge of Popular Frameworks
  3. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  4. Knowledge of Web Server
  5. Database and Cache
  6. Knowledge of APIs
  7. Knowledge of Operating System
  8. Git: Version Control and Version Control Systems
  9. Problem-solving and Research Oriented
  10. Good communication and interpersonal skills
1. Backend Programming Language

Python : Python’s versatility has made it a fast-growing programming language. Moreover, the syntax of Python is comparatively easy to understand than other programming languages. The major application of this language is its usage cross-platform, simple web development, shell scripting, and quick automation.

Python has a very simple syntax and comes up with better code readability aspects that subsequently make it easy to learn and use. Several popular Python web frameworks to you can take into consideration are Django, Flask, etc.

The companies that make use of Python : Pinterest, Netflix, Mozilla, Pandora, Uber and Quora.

PHP : PHP, or  Hypertext Preprocessor, is one of the most common and usable server-side languages in the development sector, Unlike Python and Java which automates tasks for developers. PHP interprets programming instructions (among other things) to automate routine processes and improve an application’s performance.

What you can do using PHP:

  • Collect form data
  • Write command line scripting
  • Send and receive cookies
  • Generate dynamic page content

Companies that use PHP: Facebook, Hootsuite.

Java : Java is a general purpose programming language used by backend developers for application development. Java is a portable, high-performance language used specifically for object-oriented programming. Its syntax is easy to learn. It’s also highly scalable.

What you can do using Java:

  • Mobile App development and Website development
  • Database Connectivity
  • GUI based programs

Companies that use Java : LinkedIn, Pinterest, Uber etc.

2. Knowledge Of Popular Framework
  • Django: Django is a Python-based open-source web framework that allows you to do web development more efficiently and without any hassle. It follows the model view controller (MVC) pattern. Django is considered as one of the best backend web development frameworks. Django provide noticeable feature such as extensibility, rapid development, scalability, security, vast community, open source, naming system and many more. Companies that use Django Framework:  Instagram, Mozilla, Pinterest.
  • Laravel : Laravel is an open-source PHP web framework for developing Symphony-based web applications that follow the model–view–controller (MVC) architecture. It offers a modular packaging system equipped with a dedicated dependency manager. Laravel is rated as one of the best web frameworks. Laravel provide noticeable feature such as template engine, MVC architecture support, Security.
  • Flask : Flask is a Python-based micro web framework that does not require specific libraries and tools. Flask provides support for extensions that can add features in a manner that seems like they are implemented within it. Flask provides noticeable feature such as google app friendly, integrated unit testing aid, Unicode based backend.
  • Spring Boot : Spring Framework is an open-source application framework and the Java platform’s inversion of control container. Java applications can utilize the core features of this framework. Users can also use many extensions for creating web apps based on the Java EE platform.

  If your preferred language is Python, you might use Django or Flask as your framework.

  If your preferred language is PHP, you might use Laravel.

   If your preferred language is Java, you might use Spring Boot.

3. HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • HTML: HTML is the most fundamental building block of the Internet. It determines the structure of web pages when working in conjunction with the other two languages.
  • CSS: This language determines how elements will be rendered on a webpage and standardizes display across all browsers.
  • JavaScript: This language is most commonly used as a scripting language for web pages, but can also be used in non-browser elements, like Adobe Acrobat. JavaScript can also be used for game development, mobile application development, etc. Some of the considerable features of this particular language are – Imperative & Structured, Light-Weight, Object-oriented Programming Support, Platform Independent, and many others. Also, the best part is that JavaScript can be used for both – Frontend Development and Backend Development.
4. Knowledge of Web Server 

Backend development is all server-side development, which makes knowledge about servers pretty important. Every web application that you see today runs on a remote PC called a server. On the internet, the term “server” is commonly used to refer to the computer system that receives requests for web-based files which includes HTML, CSS, JavaScript, etc., and sends those files to the client. Since servers are the most commonly used medium to deliver important services, most servers are never turned off. This part of the servers makes it an essential element for a backend developer to learn about. Some examples of the servers are Apache, Nginx, IIS servers, and Microsoft IIS.

5. Database and Cache:

Knowledge of various DBMS technology is one of the important Backend developer skills.

  • MongoDB : MongoDB is a free and open-source document-oriented database that is very much popular among web developers.  MongoDB provides you with numerous prominent features such as Ad-hoc queries, Indexing, Replication, Load Balancing, File Storage, Aggregation, Transactions, etc. In addition, the security and data recovery aspects of this particular database are quite better compared to various other database management systems.
  • MySQL :MySQL is another open-source relational database management system that is widely used for web-based applications. MySQL provides cross-platform compatibility, strong indexing support, SSL support for secured connections, powerful data encryption and accuracy, built-in replication support, and various other features.

A few common database management systems that are good for backend developers to be familiar with are:

  • PostgreSQL
  • Oracle
  • AWS DynamoDB

All of these tools are used to handle large amounts of data, and they also use cache for individual users’ small data.

5. Knowledge of APIs :



Backend Development
What is Backend Development :

Backend is the server-side of the website. It stores and arranges data, and also makes sure everything on the client-side of the website works fine. It is the part of the website that you cannot see and interact with. It is the portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users. The parts and characteristics developed by backend designers are indirectly accessed by users through a front-end application. Activities, like writing APIs, creating libraries, and working with system components without user interfaces or even systems of scientific programming, are also included in the backend.

Backend developer focuses on databases, scripting, and the architecture of websites. Code written by back-end developers helps to communicate the database information to the browser.

Most common example of Backend programming is when you are reading an article on the blog. The fonts, colors, designs, etc. constitute the frontend of this page. While the content of the article is rendered from a server and fetched from a database. This is the backend part of the application.

Back end developers work in languages like PHP, C++, Java, Ruby, Python, JavaScript, and Node.js

  • PHP is a server-side scripting language.
  • Java is a highly popular platform and programming language.
  • Python is a general-purpose coding language. It’s different from some of the others we’ve mentioned here because it can be used for other kinds of software development and isn’t limited solely to web development.


Back end frameworks include:

  • Django
  • Rails
  • Laravel
  • Spring

Back end web developers work on tasks like:

  • Building code
  • Troubleshooting and debugging web applications
  • Database management
  • Framework utilization
Backend Development Vs Frontend Development 

Intuitively, the other side of backend development is the front end.

The key difference is that while backend developers build how a website functions, front-end programmers build and design the interface, determining how the site looks to users.

Backend web development lays the foundational code that enables websites to process the actions that users take on the front end and deliver the correct information in return.

Neither works without the other—you need the back end to make the front end work, and you need the front end so people can actually access and interact with the website.

Backend developers typically earn higher salaries than front-end developers, as backend languages tend to be more technical. The average salary for a backend developer is $101,619/yr, while front-end developers earn $76,929/yr.

There are also full-stack developers, who can work with both backend and front-end technologies. They’re the jack-of-all-trades of the programming world.

Huge requirement of Backend Development solution for Enterprises:

Nio Stars Technologies is recognized as a top backend development company because we are all-inclusive in catering backend technologies. With industry’s standard practices and best-in-market resources, we’re able to achieve a 100% success ratio in backend services.

Backend development is one of the vital components of the application. It helps in the process and manages data for the web and mobile app. We at Nio Stars Technologies use modern and trendy technology that produces the user-friendly experience combated with better performance. With modernization 2021 that provide excellent web frameworks such as CodeIgniter and Django. They are gaining more speed, and with the latest innovation, they are proven to build one of the greatest management platforms with Composer.

Backend development lets you meet your user demands and rank high among the toughest business competitions since it is how your web/mobile application functions. Develop your mobile app and web application’s backend with us and let your app customizations be worry-free with us.

Why does a small business require mobile app development service?

Don’t waste time thinking about it because there is a solution for you.

Yes, you should have a Mobile app for your small business as it increases customer loyalty, brand awareness, and employee productivity. However, for a mobile app to be effective, a small business must have complete knowledge of the app goals, target audience, and the resources required to develop and sustain the app.

In terms of business, mobile apps are considered one of the most important resources for contacting the target audience. Almost every person on the planet owns a smartphone, and the demand is still growing. That is a strong reason why you should concentrate on mobile technology.

Are you still thinking about whether to create a mobile app?

Here are five reasons why you must have a mobile application for your small business.

1) Growth in sales:

Companies with mobile apps are making better impressions than those without one. A mobile app will help your company stand out, and regular updates will help customers become more interested in your products and cause an increase in sales. It would also save money and time when it comes to other advertising, such as newspaper ads and billboards.

2) Audience building:

No matter where your customers are in the world, you can build a relationship with them. Businesses can communicate with their customers in real-time with the help of mobile apps. A mobile app will engage your customers, which in theory means they will pay for your goods, whether you’re providing a discount or simply a consumer opinion survey. Remember that a successful company will never end a buyer-seller relationship right after a transaction and, that helps you build your audience base.

3) Marketing and communication channels

Mobile apps are used to attract the attention of the user towards the brand through various marketing campaigns. In such a way, you expand the potential audience and develop trusting relationships with them.

App developmentt

4) Customer loyalty growth

Customers order goods and services or pay for the same using the mobile app. The business is getting a powerful tool to increase loyalty. Integrate loyalty programs into your mobile app and provides valuable promotions, discounts, or bonuses to your customers.

You can take full advantage of the customization tools by sending push-notifications about new promotions and discounts. People can always get more information about your business, products, and services using the mobile app which is accessible 24 /7. Constant interaction increases loyalty and, in turn, the level of loyalty enhances sales.

5) Competitive advantage

Not every business knows the full potential of their sites. Some companies do not even have them because they believe they are needless! The level of competition in this field is limited, which should be taken advantage of.

In today’s intensely competitive market, it’s critical to seize as many opportunities as possible to raise brand awareness among consumers.

Our development experts follow Agile methodology  to create bespoke software, website, and application with optimizes features to improve the sales and conversion rates of your business.

  • Agile work method
  • Waterfall work method

Nio Stars Technologies LLP.  helps to enterprises navigate the journey to digital transformation. The management team of nio stars technologies is made up of savvy entrepreneurs and industry experts, bringing years of experience to a young company. Our team experts works to ensure you have a strong brand identity that represents the voice of your company.

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